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FRANCE Up-Date to Directive (EU) 2018/851

Decree No. 2020-1757 of 29 December 2020 relating to the repairability index of electrical and electronic products covering

  • Robot and household vacuum cleaners

  • Corded and household vacuum cleaners

  • Battery-operated and household vacuum cleaners

  • Top-loading household washing machines

  • Household dishwashers

  • High-pressure cleaners, defined as corded (240 volts) or battery-powered consumer mobile devices for cleaning external surfaces (floors, facades, roofing) by spraying cold water at high pressure (between 25 and 250 bars)

The repairability index consists of a score out of 10 intended to be displayed at the time of purchase to inform consumers of the categories of electrical and electronic products. This score is obtained by dividing an overall score of 100 points by 10 according to five criteria, each scored out of 20 and of equal weight, making it possible to assess the repairability of the products concerned. These criteria are as follows: documentation provided by the manufacturer, ease of disassembly of the product, availability of spare parts, relationship between the price of the most expensive spare part and the price of the original product, usage counter (optional) or other criteria specific to the category of products concerned. This Order applies to cordless vacuum cleaners falling within the scope of the regulation (EU...) laying down ecodesign requirements for vacuum cleaners. It specifies the criteria, sub-criteria and scoring system applicable to cordless vacuum cleaners to calculate the repairability index by model. Producers, importers, or other parties placing electrical and electronic equipment on the market, including cordless vacuum cleaners, shall be required to calculate the index for the categories of products concerned, and to make this information available.

Directive (EU) 2018/851 on waste encourages Member States to take appropriate measures to prevent waste generation. In addition, one of the objectives of the European action plan for the circular economy (COM (2020) 98) is to improve the durability and repairability of products. The stakeholder consultation held in the context of the Roadmap for the circular economy, which was presented by the Government on 23 April 2018, resulted in measure No. 10, which provides for mandatory information on the repairability of electrical and electronic products. The measure aims to promote responsible consumption by improving consumer information through the establishment and mandatory display of a simple repairability index for some of these products. This index aims to inform the consumer regarding how easy it is to repair the product concerned. This measure thus aims on the one hand to compensate for the asymmetry of information between consumers and manufacturers or distributors concerning the repairability of products and, on the other hand, to encourage manufacturers to integrate repairability criteria into the design of their products, thus tending towards products that are more durable because they are more robust because they are 'eco-designed'. With this measure, a reasonable ambition is to reduce breakdowns of electrical and electronic products giving rise to repair in the network of French repairers to 60%, within five years, as compared to around 40% today. From an environmental standpoint, this measure will allow France to pursue its national objective of reducing the resource consumption linked to French consumption: to reduce resource consumption relative to GDP by 30% compared to 2010, by 2030 (Law No. 2015-992). More repairable and therefore more durable products will effectively lead to a reduction in resource consumption (reduction in the need for new products), a reduction in the quantity of waste electrical and electronic products and an associated reduction in greenhouse gas emissions See full Text

Proposed date of entry into force: 31 October 2022

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